You will be focusing in the Public Policy Analyst on social problems in your own community.Specific community locations Your own community consists of…your school and your school district;your village, town or city;your county.Likewise, local police agencies—village, town, city and county—maintain statistics on crimes such as thefts within their jurisdiction.When you describe the social problem in step 1, you must specify the geographical setting.
The sociologist Richard Quinney has written about the relationship between society and crime.
In addition, authorities provide remedies and sanctions, and collectively these constitute a criminal justice system.
Legal sanctions vary widely in their severity, they may include (for example) incarceration of temporary character aimed at reforming the convict.
When informal relationships and sanctions prove insufficient to establish and maintain a desired social order, a government or a sovereign state may impose more formalized or stricter systems of social control.
With institutional and legal machinery at their disposal, agents of the State can compel populations to conform to codes, and can opt to punish or to attempt to reform those who do not conform.